1. Why are case studies considered particularly appropriate to reveal causal mechanisms? When comparing the several methodological tools available in social research, case studies seem to be particularly appropriate to contribute to establishing complex causalities in a particular theory or in international politics in general. Using mostly qualitative evidence, case studies complement process-tracing methods to… Continue reading Case Studies
You are recruited as a consultant by a UN-sponsored truth and reconciliation commission to survey exactions that have been perpetrated in a fictional country, just recovering from a deadly civil war opposing various rebel factions, state-sponsored militias and governmental forces. Exactions include village destructions, summary killings, local ethnic cleansing, often accompanied by gender-based violence. Your… Continue reading Collecting Evidence for Conflict Analysis
a) Give a brief overview of your intended topic. We want to research the internal governance mechanisms existing outside the formal sphere of state apparatus in Sierra Leone, that is to say how a rebel group (here the RUF) governs the territories under its control. It is important to understand individual motivations and orientations at… Continue reading Ethics of Research in Conflict and in Migration Studies
Abstract Hijras are a traditional transgender community in India. After a sacrificial emasculation, they become vehicles of the powers of the goddess Mata Bahuchara and can exercise their ritual role, called badhai. However, in the current modern context, they are largely marginalized in Indian society. The police violence against hijras finds its impunity in… Continue reading Dissertation: Hijras and Postcolonial Modernity: a critical exploration
Several themes run through feminist literature, including the relationship between a woman’s body and her identity, or between being both a mother and a social self. However the subject of the mother-daughter relationship is largely absent in the general literature. In an early book on the topic, Adrienne Rich wrote, ‘we acknowledge Lear (father-daughter split),… Continue reading Critically contrast Beauvoir’s and Irigaray’s visions of female authenticity and motherhood.
Transitional justice is a component of peacebuilding that seeks for accountability, justice and reconciliation. It is based on four core measures: perpetrators’ trial, truth-revealing, reparations for victims and administrative reforms (Van Zyl, 2005, p.209). If these measures have existed for a long time, their justification by reference to universal human rights and democratic goals is… Continue reading In a conflict with which you are familiar, what role did transitional justice play as a tool of peace-building?
The notion of ‘second generation’ used in France since the 1980s designates the generation of immigrants’ offspring, especially Maghreb immigrants coming as a response to the expanding European economies’ labor demand (Hamilton, 1997, p.550). Moreover, this concept influences transnational migration studies because it is a specific categorization of the social sphere, particularly linked to young… Continue reading Case study: To what extent does the concept of ‘second generation’, characterising the Maghreb immigrants’ children in France, engender a form of social division?