Transitional justice is a component of peacebuilding that seeks for accountability, justice and reconciliation. It is based on four core measures: perpetrators’ trial, truth-revealing, reparations for victims and administrative reforms (Van Zyl, 2005, p.209). If these measures have existed for a long time, their justification by reference to universal human rights and democratic goals is… Continue reading In a conflict with which you are familiar, what role did transitional justice play as a tool of peace-building?
‘The Clash of Civilizations?’ by Samuel Huntington was published in the journal Foreign Affairs in 1993, and is a reaction to Fukuyama’s article ‘The End of History?’ published in 1989 which argues that ‘history in terms of humanity’s search for the optimum form of society’ (Adams, 2001, p.281) ends with the consensus on free-market liberal… Continue reading Was Huntington accurate to claim, in 1993, that conflict after the Cold War would largely occur between ‘civilizations’?
Feminism, as well as critical theory, post-structuralism or post-colonialism, is considered in International Relations as an approach rather than a theory. However, all these give different understandings by uncovering power relations and questioning what foundational theories view as certainties in the world (Georgis and Lugosi, 2014, pp.77-78). In order to understand to what extent the… Continue reading Is feminism as an IR theory ethnocentric? Discuss.
At the end of the Cold War, a new approach emerged in International Relations theory. As a critique of the two mainstream approaches in the US known as neo-liberalism and neo-realism, a more European theory, namely constructivism, gained credibility and became more and more popular. As a response to rational theories, this social position, which… Continue reading To what extent is anarchy what states make of it?
Although international sanctions have repeatedly shown their limits, they nevertheless provide a useful tool. Aimed at maintaining peace and security between states, they have evolved from basic and comprehensive approaches with often negative effects, towards targeted actions that require preparation and evaluation with the involvement of all countries of the international community. Sanctions must be… Continue reading Identify the circumstances under which economic sanctions can be an effective tool of foreign policy
Foreign Policy in Fiction: The Ghostwriter As he is spending the winter on an island off New England for talks with his new ghost writer in order to write his memoirs, Adam Lang (Pierce Brosnan), the former British Prime Minister, finds himself at the heart of a media and judicial storm. The press reports that… Continue reading Foreign Policy Analysis: Portfolio
Details of the actor and their relationship with the EU When playing the role of Ireland as a member state of the EU, it is important to highlight some basic facts about and give a general background of Ireland’s relationship with the EU. With a total area of 70 000 km², and a population of… Continue reading EU: Power, Policy and Integration: Simulation actor position (Ireland)