Introduction: Gender, citizenship and militancy in Palestine The gender issue has long been disregarded by classical analyses of citizenship that were transforming social actors into undifferentiated, abstract and homogeneous individuals. Critical citizenship studies imply taking into account the power relations between the different components of each society, as well as representations of citizens, as defined… Continue reading How has female militancy in Palestine addressed the relationship between nationalist discourse, gender representations and the construction of Palestinian identity and citizenship?
Abstract Hijras are a traditional transgender community in India. After a sacrificial emasculation, they become vehicles of the powers of the goddess Mata Bahuchara and can exercise their ritual role, called badhai. However, in the current modern context, they are largely marginalized in Indian society. The police violence against hijras finds its impunity in… Continue reading Dissertation: Hijras and Postcolonial Modernity: a critical exploration
Several themes run through feminist literature, including the relationship between a woman’s body and her identity, or between being both a mother and a social self. However the subject of the mother-daughter relationship is largely absent in the general literature. In an early book on the topic, Adrienne Rich wrote, ‘we acknowledge Lear (father-daughter split),… Continue reading Critically contrast Beauvoir’s and Irigaray’s visions of female authenticity and motherhood.
Feminism, as well as critical theory, post-structuralism or post-colonialism, is considered in International Relations as an approach rather than a theory. However, all these give different understandings by uncovering power relations and questioning what foundational theories view as certainties in the world (Georgis and Lugosi, 2014, pp.77-78). In order to understand to what extent the… Continue reading Is feminism as an IR theory ethnocentric? Discuss.
Modernity has not fulfilled its emancipatory promises, and thus has become the object of a challenge which destabilises some of the certainties of Western tradition. It is in this context that women’s emancipation demands were born. Over the last few decades this heritage was targeted by a growth of reflection on gender construction and gender… Continue reading Critically appraise the value of ‘postmodern feminisms’ for understanding –and challenging– contemporary gender power relations
Several researchers have found a significant demographic imbalance (male/female ratio) in North-West India: a strong preference for the birth of boys that leads to reproductive practices often discriminating girls (sex-selective abortion, infanticide and neglect) is suspected of being responsible for the phenomenon. This case study aims to understand how women live the preference for boys,… Continue reading Case study: female foeticide and infanticide in India
Since the publication of Bananas, Beaches and Bases by US academic Cynthia Enloe in 1989, feminist analyses have attempted to access the field of international relations. Despite the fact that today feminist approaches in international relations are known and recognized, their development remains largely marginalised. Feminism and International relations might seem to be rather incompatible… Continue reading IPIR essay: How and on what levels are ‘gender issues’ marginalised in mainstream IR analysis?