Introduction In many ways the rhetoric in the Western world surrounding the outbreak of the Arab Spring paints it as an event which happened suddenly, with little build up that could have predicted the shocking events. But in reality, when looking at the countries which have experienced upheaval since 2011, there were many material… Continue reading Was the outbreak of Arab Spring in Tunisia driven more by ideas or material factors?
Introduction In a democracy, the influence of the privileged classes is theoretically counterbalanced by the involvement of civil society leaders in political decision-making. The public sphere becomes an intermediary between governmental structures and society. However, in the classic Habermassian definition of the public sphere, normative criteria cannot take into account the public spheres which develop… Continue reading Under what circumstances can civil society initiatives usefully contribute to dialogue and peace negotiations, or do such efforts misunderstand the structural dynamics of violent conflict?
Introduction Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) is widely known as the founding father of the interpretation of sociology as a social science, mostly because he sought to provide the discipline with both social and methodological bases. When studying ‘the social’, he focused on the role of moral structures, that is to say how a society can function… Continue reading Review of Emile Durkheim’s “Professional Ethics and Civic Morals”
Introduction In October 2016, 37% of the Colombian population were consulted by referendum about a peace agreement with the FARC guerrilla group and their plebiscite came as a consternation at both the national and the international level. The agreement was then revised and ratified by the Congress and engendered notably a demilitarisation process of 15 000… Continue reading Debating the role of conflict resolution: the case of Colombia
Introduction: Gender, citizenship and militancy in Palestine The gender issue has long been disregarded by classical analyses of citizenship that were transforming social actors into undifferentiated, abstract and homogeneous individuals. Critical citizenship studies imply taking into account the power relations between the different components of each society, as well as representations of citizens, as defined… Continue reading How has female militancy in Palestine addressed the relationship between nationalist discourse, gender representations and the construction of Palestinian identity and citizenship?
Introduction In October 2016, the Colombian population rejected by referendum the peace process proposed by the government with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) guerrilla group. The origins of the conflict have been a matter of debate as some analysts consider the FARC ‘a direct outgrowth of la Violencia’ (Wickham-Crowley 2014, 219), some others… Continue reading Report and recommendations regarding the Colombian peace process
In 2011 the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) demonstrated against their governments’ abuses and transformed the region’s policy. The leaders strongly opposed the reforms demanded by protesters and used their police and army to crush the rebellions with force. Despite leaders’ attempts to end uprisings and retain power, rebels managed to… Continue reading Why was France so assertive in taking leadership to bring change to Libya in 2011?