In 2011 the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) demonstrated against their governments’ abuses and transformed the region’s policy. The leaders strongly opposed the reforms demanded by protesters and used their police and army to crush the rebellions with force. Despite leaders’ attempts to end uprisings and retain power, rebels managed to… Continue reading Why was France so assertive in taking leadership to bring change to Libya in 2011?
In 2016, Calais in Northern France was recognised as a ‘hotspot’ (Europol 2016, in Angeli & Triandafyllidou 2016, 111). Although on the one hand the massive influx of migrants since 2014 and the changing European framework, notably the EU enlargement and more recently Brexit, constitute new circumstances, on the other hand recurrent factors, such as… Continue reading Calais: from Sangatte Red Cross Centre to the “jungles”
Internal governance mechanisms exist outside the formal sphere of state apparatus. Although researchers have questioned the African parastatal mechanisms, especially chiefdoms (Fanthorpe 2005), applying this approach to armed movements in Africa is relatively new and increasingly central. Apart from studies of guerrillas, scientific interest on civil wars’ governance dynamics and on proliferation of national and… Continue reading Rebel governance in Sierra Leone
This analysis deals with the meaning of Hannah Arendt’s concept of ‘banality of evil’ developed during the Eichmann trial. It goes beyond the Shoah, in the contemporary political context of the migration crisis in the Mediterranean. Moreover, the use of language and notably the fascinating rapidity with which some elements of language and the ‘new… Continue reading Critical Social Theory
1. Why are case studies considered particularly appropriate to reveal causal mechanisms? When comparing the several methodological tools available in social research, case studies seem to be particularly appropriate to contribute to establishing complex causalities in a particular theory or in international politics in general. Using mostly qualitative evidence, case studies complement process-tracing methods to… Continue reading Case Studies
You are recruited as a consultant by a UN-sponsored truth and reconciliation commission to survey exactions that have been perpetrated in a fictional country, just recovering from a deadly civil war opposing various rebel factions, state-sponsored militias and governmental forces. Exactions include village destructions, summary killings, local ethnic cleansing, often accompanied by gender-based violence. Your… Continue reading Collecting Evidence for Conflict Analysis
a) Give a brief overview of your intended topic. We want to research the internal governance mechanisms existing outside the formal sphere of state apparatus in Sierra Leone, that is to say how a rebel group (here the RUF) governs the territories under its control. It is important to understand individual motivations and orientations at… Continue reading Ethics of Research in Conflict and in Migration Studies